éclairs on wire rack
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Classic Éclairs

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These homemade éclairs have a handful of steps involved, but they’re all very simple to follow! The pastry shells are perfectly crisp and hollow in the center, sandwiching a silky pastry cream with a rich chocolaty topping. Read through the blog post and full recipe before starting for best results!

A classic staple at any French bakery, éclairs somehow manage to taste even better when homemade! Who knew that was even possible??

éclairs filled and dipped in chocolate on wire rack

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    These homemade éclairs involve making a homemade pastry cream, homemade choux pastry, and a chocolate topping to complete the pastries.

    But don’t be intimidated! I used to fear éclair making like none other because it had a lot of steps involved, and it seemed like there were a million and one ways to mess up.

    But with practice – and I mean PRACTICE! – I’ve worked out my favorite, fail proof recipe of all time!

    If this is your first go at making éclairs, make sure you read through the full instructions before beginning! There are quite a few steps involved, but they’re very straightforward and easy to follow.

    éclairs cut open inside view

    What makes this éclair recipe fail proof?

    Like I mentioned above, I’ve failed – A LOT – at making éclairs. And with failure, comes mistakes I’ll NEVER make again! *optimism*

    There are certain steps I found useless and certain steps I found absolutely vital when making choux pastry for the éclair dough! So here are the three most important points in the recipe that you SHOULD NOT skip! (I mean, you shouldn’t skip any points, but these are especially key)

    1. Bake the éclairs at one temperature. Traditional éclair recipes call for starting at a high initial temperature to get the shells to puff up, and then lowering the oven temperature to finish baking. Not only did I find this an unnecessary step that just overcomplicated an already complex recipe, but it was actually counterproductive! I found my éclairs were more prone to cracking and collapsing because of that initial high heat. So I now opt to bake at a middle temperature of 375°F for even, steady, and gentle baking.

    2. DO. NOT. OPEN. THE. OVEN. Consider the oven door off limits for the first 20 to 25 minutes of baking (depending on how large your éclairs are). It releases steam and a sudden rush of cold air can shock the éclairs, which can cause them to collapse! Oven lights are made for times like this! If you want to peak, use the light, not the door!

    3. Poke holes in the éclairs. After the éclairs have been baking for about 25 minutes, I go in and carefully poke holes on both tips of the éclair, then finish baking them. These holes allow steam to escape the éclairs and helps them dry out on the inside. Which alllll helps prevent collapsed éclair shells!

    Éclairs Ingredients:

    When you look at the recipe on the bottom of the page, the ingredients seem quite long, but there are a few that are just reused for different stages in the recipe.

    All in all, to make éclairs you will need:

    Butter: for your pastry cream and choux pastry. It adds richness and helps your pastry cream set
    Vanilla extract: just for the pastry cream. It’s optional, but a great flavor booster!
    Milk: just for the pastry cream, it’s the foundation of filling!
    • Eggs: we need whole eggs for the éclair pastry shell and egg yolks for the pastry cream. The eggs give richness and structure to both parts of the éclair
    Sugar: a hint for the pastry shell. Not really for sweetness, but just to help with browning. We also use sugar in the pastry cream for sweetness
    Cornstarch: helps thicken the pastry cream
    Heavy whipping cream: this is used in the pastry cream to add lightness and make it easier to pipe. It’s also used in the chocolate topping to give it the right consistency and for added richness. The temperature of the cream you use for the chocolate topping isn’t too important, but the cream for the pastry cream filling should be straight from the fridge! Cold cream whips up faster and easier

    éclair shells baked and on cooling rack

    Water: just for the pastry shell. Some recipes like to include milk, but I like to use 100% water because it yields a crispier éclair shell
    Salt: a pinch to round out the sweetness
    Flour: for the pastry shell to add structure
    Chocolate: for the topping. Make sure you use chocolate made for melting! Regular ole’ chocolate chips can end up grainy when melted

    éclairs poking holes in bottom

    How to fill éclairs:

    To fill your eclairs, you have 2 options.

    Option 1 (which is my personal favorite) is to poke 2 to 3 holes in the bottom of the pastry shell, just large enough to fit a piping bag with a small hole sniped from the top. Then, you insert the piping bag into one hole, squeeze to pipe the filling in, and once it starts to feel heavy and some filling spills out the top, take the pastry bag out. Repeat this with all of the holes.

    This option will allow you to leave your éclair shell fully sealed, which makes it much easier to dip the éclair tops in chocolate.

    éclairs filling with pastry cream

    Option 2 involves just going in and cutting the éclair in half horizontally, piping or spreading the filling into the center, then sandwiching the top. This method is easier than options one, and it’s super fun and rustic looking! Plus you can use different piping tips for some cool designs.

    The only down side is that dipping the éclairs in chocolate is practically impossible, so you would need to pour your chocolate over the éclairs (which can get messy! But delicious messy)

    éclairs dipping in chocolate

    HOW TO STORE YOUR ÉCLAIRS:

    You can store your éclairs assembled or the unassembled individual parts. Assembled éclairs keep best when stored in an airtight container in the fridge. It’s best to serve filled éclairs within 1 to 2 days because the pastry cream filling will cause the shells to soften over time.

    To store your pastry cream alone, it will keep for up to 3 days in the fridge. Your unfilled éclair shells will keep for up to 3 days in the fridge as well. The chocolate topping is the only part of the éclairs that I prefer to make fresh just for the sake of having the right consistency for dipping/pouring.

    You can also freeze your unassembled éclair shells for up to 1 month. Keep in a freezer bag for maximum freshness. Before using, defrost at room temperature for a few hours, then fill as normal!

    éclair inside

    Check out some of these other recipes!

    flan (crème caramel)
    vanilla pastry cream
    vanilla no bake biscuit cake (basically an éclair cake without as much work!)
    chocolate no bake biscuit cake


    Classic Éclairs Recipe

    These homemade éclairs have a handful of steps involved, but they're all very simple to follow! The pastry shells are perfectly crisp and hollow in the center, sandwiching a silky pastry cream with a rich chocolaty topping. Read through the blog post and full recipe before starting for best results!
    Prep Time 30 minutes
    Cook Time 10 minutes
    Bake Time 35 minutes
    Total Time 5 hours 15 minutes
    Servings 20 to 24 éclairs (approx.)

    Ingredients

    For the vanilla pastry filling:

    • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
    • 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
    • 1 cup milk
    • 3 large egg yolks
    • 1/4 cup granulated sugar
    • 2 tablespoons cornstarch
    • 1/4 cup heavy whipping cream, cold

    For the éclair pastry shell:

    • 1/2 cup (1 stick) unsalted butter
    • 1 cup water
    • 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
    • 1/4 teaspoon salt
    • 1 cup all-purpose flour
    • 4 large eggs, at room temperature

    For the chocolate topping:

    • 6 ounces semi-sweet Baker's or couverture chocolate, (about 3/4 cup) chopped
    • 1/2 cup heavy cream

    Instructions

    Make the vanilla pastry cream filling:

    • In a medium sized, heatproof bowl, add your butter and vanilla extract. Set aside.
    • Pour your milk into a medium sized saucepot and set over medium-high heat. Heat the milk until it just starts to steam and bubble around the edges. In a separate bowl, whisk together your eggs, sugar, and cornstarch until you get a smooth, pale yellow mixture.
    • Gradually incorporate your hot milk into the egg mixture, whisking well after each addition. Clean out your saucepot and strain your mixture back into the pot. Place over medium heat, and cook the mixture, stirring constantly, until it starts boiling and thickens enough to coat the back of a spoon.
    • Pour your mixture over your prepared butter and vanilla extract. Whisk until the butter is melted and everything is incorporated. Cover the pastry cream with plastic wrap touching the surface of the cream (to prevent a skin). Refrigerate for at least 4 hours before using.
    • In a large bowl, pour in your 1/4 cup of cold heavy cream. Using an electric mixer fitted with a whisk attachment or a handheld whisk (if you want a workout!), beat your cream until it reaches stiff peaks. Fold the whipped cream into your chilled pastry cream. Keep in the fridge until you're ready to fill the éclairs.

    Make the choux pastry dough:

    • Preheat your oven to 375°F. Line 2 large baking sheets with parchment paper, and set aside.
    • In a large saucepot, combine butter, water, sugar and salt. Place the pot over high heat and bring up to a boil.
    • Once boiling, remove from the heat and add in your cup of flour. Stir until you no longer see any dry flour and it starts to come together into a ball dough.
    • Return the pot to your stove burner (still set on medium heat). Cook the mixture, stirring constantly, for 1 to 2 minutes, or until your get a thin film of dough forming along the bottom of the pot (pictured above).
    • Transfer your dough to a heatproof mixing bowl. Set aside to cool slightly (about 5 to 10 minutes) before adding your eggs. Give your dough an occasional stir to make sure it's cooling evenly.
    • Crack your eggs into a bowl or measuring cup, and whisk to roughly break them up. Gradually add your eggs to the cooled dough (about 1/4 cup at a time), mixing well after each addition. It's normal for the mixture to separate as you add your eggs. Just keep stirring until it comes together before adding the next addition of eggs! Repeat until all the eggs are incorporated and you're left with a silky, pipe able dough. *(see notes)
    • Working with a piping bag fitted with a large star tip, fill your choux dough into the bag. Pipe 4 inch logs onto your prepared baking sheets, leaving about 1 inch of space in between each one. If you have any sharp edges peaking out, wet your fingers with water and press down any rough edges (they tend to burn).
    • Bake your éclair shells in the center of your preheated 375°F for 25 minutes. After 25 minutes, go in and carefully poke holes on the tips of your éclair shells with a skewer to allow steam to escape.
    • Continue baking for another 10 minutes, or until the shells turn a deep golden brown. The shells should also sound hollow when tapped. Take the shells out of the oven and cool completely to room temperature before filling.

    Make the chocolate topping:

    • In a medium, heatproof bowl, combine your chopped chocolate and heavy cream. Heat in the microwave or over a bain-marie until melted and the mixture is smooth. ** (see notes for detailed instructions on each method)

    Assemble the éclairs:

    • Poke 2 to 3 holes into the bottom of your cooled éclair shells. Fill your pastry cream into a piping bag, and snip a small piece off the tip. Insert the tip of the piping bag into the hole you just made in the bottom of the shell, and pipe until you start to feel some resistance (pictured above). Repeat this process to fill all of the holes. Dip the top of your éclair into your chocolate topping. Repeat with all of the éclairs.

    Notes

    * You may not use all of the eggs (depending on how long you cooked the dough in the earlier steps). You’ll definitely need 3 and a bit or all of the fourth egg. Just make sure to gradually add in the last egg (or 1/4 cup) and stop once you have a pipe able mixture. I ended up using all 4 of the eggs this time around.
    ** To heat the chocolate in your microwave, place your bowl in your microwave and heat on high for 30 seconds. Take the bowl out of the microwave and stir. Return to the microwave and continue heating in 10 second bursts, stirring after each one, until your chocolate is fully melted and the mixture is smooth.
    To heat the chocolate in a bain-marie, pick out a pot that you can fit your bowl on top of, without the bowl touching the bottom 2 inches of the pot. Fill the pot with about 1 inch of water and bring up to just under a simmer. Place your bowl on top of the barely simmering water, and heat the chocolate and cream, stirring occasionally, until melted.

    Enjoy!



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